Raising pigs is one of the most popular occupations in the community; however there is risk in the high cost of production and also the effect on the environment in the community.
An interesting method of pig raising is pit pig farming, which is not high in investment and easier to manage well. Additionally, this allows pig manure to be easily used as a fertilizer for vegetables.
How to Make a Natural Pit Pig Farm
- Choose an area that does not easily flood and has good circulation.
- To prepare the pen area, cement should not be poured into the bottom of the paddock, as this would block ventilation of the soil and water.
- The paddock construction area is calculated from the number of pigs. An area of per 1.5 square meters can support one pig; a pen size 3 square meters can accommodate 2 pigs.
- Dig the soil in the area to create a paddock 80 cm deep.
- Use a piece of wood or brick to block the side of the paddock about 1 foot above the edge of the pit to keep soil and rain from coming into the pit. Install a roof over the top of the pit.
- . Fill the pit with rough chaff up to the level with the ground.
Pig Raising Management
- To begin the farm, piglets brought in should be at least 3 months old or weighing at least 30 kilograms (or similar in size).
- During the first month, use pig food pellets first, and then replace the bran and fermented feed.
Precautions for Raising Pigs
- Be careful of water entering from the ground or through leaks in the roof.
- In the beginning, the pigs may have itchy skin.
- Use a pig nipple waterer so that pigs can always suck and drink.
- After inserting the chaff, do not leave it in for too long, but take out the old chaff and change it to soil mixed with the fermented juice.
Benefits for Raising Pigs in Natural Pit
- Reduce management costs such as water, labor, etc.
- Reduce odor and insects.
- Get organic fertilizer from animal manure.
- Using materials that are natural.
- Farm in a self-sufficient economic way.