Natural resource and environmental problems in Thailand are the degradation of soil, water, and forest; the resources become limited in quantity and reduce in quality. Forest areas have been reduced and degraded and soil deteriorated. The rivers and canals are dry and polluted, which is mainly due to the increase in population. The demand for resources increases as the shortage and degradation continues, deteriorating the resources even more. This overuse contributes to the rapid changing of the climate, supporting resource crises around the world.
1.0 Community Forest Management
Community forests play an important role by resolving and alleviating problems that arise. Healthy forests upstream provide clean water from which ecosystems can thrive. This impacts community members downstream who’s livelihood is derived from activities such as fishing and agriculture, as well as providing clean water for household consumption. Healthy forests are able to prevent and resolve forest fires, the smoke of which threatens forest areas and overall public health.
1.1 Check Dam Management
1.2 Firebreak for Wildfire Management
1.3 Release of Fish Species
1.4 Tree Planting
1.5 Planting Seedlings for Reforestation
2.0 Promoting Soil Regeneration Plots
Soil quality is improved through regeneration practices such as planting to prevent runoff as roots hold the soil in place. Choosing plants with wide leaves that cover the soil and deep roots reduces the impact of forceful wind and rain. For example, in addition to stabilizing the soil, deep-rooted plants of the legume family also fixes nitrogen from the atmosphere into the soil, making the soil more fertile.
3.0 Promoting Agroforestry
Degraded lands and uplands soils can be improved by two practices: propagating the native plants and the creation of agroforestry plots. To practice plant propagation and agroforestry, allow diverse groups of plants to grow together and benefit each other. Allowing livestock and domesticated animals into the forested areas promotes mimics natural ecosystems. Additionally, managing systems of harvesting and timber collection to be more sustainable will encourage land health. Finally, giving the land fallow periods of rest is important. Rotational agriculture involves using land in cycles of growth and rest so that the growth will be sustainable and continue to provide in future seasons. Using these practices creates an agricultural system that mimics the natural forest ecosystems to allow mutual support of farmers and land.
3.1 Plant Propagation
3.2 Making Agroforestry Plots